University of Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Welcome to University of Peshawar Botanical Garden
Mr .Fazal Hadi
Dr.Syed Ghias Ali

Mr.Basheer Khan
Citrus Garden
Adopt a Tree campaign will begin in this Spring

6th National Confrence "Climate Change and Biodiversity Conservation issues of Pakistan" will held form June 1-3, 2016 at Bara Gali Summer Campus

World: 150 genera & 1200 species (wild and cultivated) tropical and subtropical regions of SE. Asia, Mediterranean countries, N. America, Australia and S. Africa. Strongly aromatic, containing essential oils. Many genera show hardy and xerophytic characters.

Pakistan: 11 genera and 27 species, many naturalized here, being cultivated and hybridized for edible, medicinal and ornamental purposes.

This family is chief source of Vitamin C and it is extensively used in preparation of Jams, Jellies, Marmalades and Prickles etc. Used in medicines, it is a source of Citric Acid, essential oil and cultivated as ornamental plants. The following species are present in this Garden.

1.    Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa (Galgal)
2.    Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle in J. Wash. (Sour Orange/Khatta/Naranj)
3.    Citrus medica var. tarung (Toranj)
4.    Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm. (Lemon/Nimbo)
        (var. eureka, var. lisbon and var. rough lemon)
5.    Citrus reticulata Blanco (Sangtara)
6.    Citrus sinensis (Linn.) Osbeck (Sweet Orange/Malta)
        (var. succri, var. blood red and var. mausami)
7.    Citrus reticulata var. mandarin (Kinow)
        (var. tangerine (Feutrell,s early)
8.     Murraya koenigii (Linn.) Spreng. (Marva)
The following are two important wildly growing medicinal genera which are highly medicinal and presented by only one species each.
Skimmia laureola (DC.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Walp. (Nazar Panra): Common in Hazara, Murree, Kashmir, Swat & Dir.

Zanthoxylum armatum DC. (Dambara): Found in foot hills up to 1500 m in Pakistan.

Reference: Rutaceae No. 132 by H. U. Din and S. A. Ghazanfar in Flora of Pakistan published in 1987.

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