The Holy Quraan is a religious and last Holy book more than 1400 years old sent by Almighty Allah on last Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). It was completed in 22 years, 4 months and 7 days.. It has 114 Surahs (chapters) and 6666 Aayat (verses). Of them about 1000 verses explain scientific and technological principles (Bucaille 1987). The Holy Quraan guides us by describing the life style and religious faiths of pre-Islamic ancient nations, civilizations and religions. Some of them accepted the path of Allah and become successful but majority were wrongdoers, who were punished with terrible results and were examples for coming mankind. The Holy Quraan highlights diverse important scientific avenues such as astronomy, geology, embryology, genetics, botany, zoology, archaeology, mathematics, statistics and environmental biology etc. The Quraan reveals the secrets of critical issues, such as big bang model of the origin of the universe, the days and nights duration about universe expansion, the presence of sun's orbits and the revolving planets around it, the fixed position of mountains, the heavy seas and oceans, the huge ships moving in seas, the pairs of each creation, the development of babies in the mother's womb (embryology) and other universe related facts (Bucaille, 1987). The Holy Quraan is the word of Allah transmitted by the angel Gabrielle in the Arabic language through Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). The Quraan has been translated and interpreted in more than 100 languages of the world. It is not only a religious book to read, but is a complete code of life and source of true success for all the human beings and provides solution for all problems of life.
Many plants are also been mentioned very often in both the prophetic medicines and the Hadith due to their nature as natural remedies for the management of simple ailments like headache, fever and sore throat etc. and for improving diets and general health (El-Batanony, 1986). Several hundred medicinal plant species from Arabian area have also been identified (Khatibi et.al, 1989; Khafagi & Dewedar, 2000). Many workers have worked out the plants, seeds, grains, gardens, trees and fruits are mentioned in Holy Quran (Khafagi, et.al., 2006). Plants of the Holy Quraan, their botanical names, Arabic names, common names, times they mentioned and history of the Quraanic plants has been mentioned (Al-Farooqi, 1989). The fruit plants and their ethnobotany is also cited (Marwat, 2009).
The Botanical Garden, University of Peshawar is an educational, conservational and research institution spreading over an area of 100 acres of land in Azakhel, District Nowshera. Quraanic garden is a unique concept with twenty two (22) plant species belonging to 21 genera and 17 families are mentioned in the Holy Quraan. Except Cinnamomum camphora (Camfor plant) all plants have been planted which are successfully growing in this Quraanic garden.